My Blog

Posts for: November, 2020

By Petra I Mayer DDS
November 28, 2020
Category: Oral Health
Tags: oral health  

Thousands of years ago, our ancestors could only expect to live between 30 and 40 years. But steady improvements in lifestyle and medical care have increased human life expectancy to almost 80 years.

Although a welcome development, it does raise a question: Are our teeth up to the added years? Even though quite resilient, it's natural for teeth to wear after years and tens of thousands of meals biting and chewing.

Fortunately, there have also been phenomenal advances in dental restorations that can effectively replace teeth we lose along the way. Even so, the most advanced artificial replacements can't restore the full benefit of natural teeth to oral and general health. The ideal goal is to preserve and protect our natural teeth for as long as possible.

Here are 4 areas worthy of your attention in protecting your teeth throughout your lifetime.

Dental disease. Tooth decay and periodontal (gum) disease are the top causes for poor dental health and tooth loss. They're caused by bacteria living and feeding primarily in dental plaque, a thin biofilm on tooth surfaces. Brushing and flossing daily, along with regular dental cleanings, removes this disease-causing plaque. You should also seek treatment as soon as possible at the first sign of dental disease.

Bite correction. A poor bite is more than a smile problem: Teeth out of alignment and not engaging normally with their counterparts on the other jaw may increase tooth wear and make hygiene more difficult to perform. Orthodontic treatment, even if undertaken later in life, can help maintain your teeth's long-term health and longevity.

Bad habits. Your teeth are tough, but not indestructible. Protect them by avoiding harmful habits or practices like crunching ice, gnawing on pencils, nails or other hard objects, cracking open nuts or using your teeth as tools. Not engaging in these kinds of habits will help reduce wear and help you also avoid chipping and fractures.

Teeth grinding. Involuntarily clenching or grinding your teeth, often while sleeping, can accelerate dental wear. If you suspect you have this habit, take steps first to deal with stress, the number one cause of adult teeth grinding. Your dentist can also fashion a mouth guard that prevents your teeth from making solid contact with each other and thus help reduce wearing to your teeth.

If you would like more information on tooth wear, please contact us or schedule an appointment for a consultation. You can also learn more about this topic by reading the Dear Doctor magazine article “How and Why Teeth Wear.”

By Petra I Mayer DDS
November 18, 2020
Category: Oral Health
Tags: oral hygiene  

There have been vast improvements over the years in various methods to restore diseased, damaged or missing teeth. A lot of this is due to better restorative materials that are stronger and more life-like.

But given the mouth's hostile environment and the forces generated from chewing, even the most durable restorations could fail. You can, however, improve their durability through proper care and good protective practices.

Here are 3 ways to preserve your dental work and keep it functioning for years or even decades to come.

Daily oral hygiene. Although the bacteria in dental plaque doesn't affect non-living dental materials, it can infect and weaken living tissues around fillings, crowns or implants. Because these tissues often support restorations, an infection could cripple your dental work's survivability. You can prevent this by practicing daily brushing and flossing, and getting regular dental cleanings, to remove plaque and decrease your risk of dental disease.

Dietary choices. You can further prevent dental disease by restricting your consumption of sugar and eating foods rich in calcium and other nutrients. But there's one other thing to keep in mind about what you eat: Some foods can stain veneers and other restorations, as well as natural tooth enamel. If staining occurs at different rates, your dental work could stand out from your natural teeth and look out of place. You can help avoid this by limiting items in your diet known to stain (like wine or coffee) and practicing good oral hygiene.

Poor habits. Many of us have nervous habits like nail-biting or ice-chewing, or an unconscious habit of grinding teeth. Habits like these can damage restorations like composite bonding or veneers. To prevent the chances of this happening, take steps to stop habits and practices that involve biting down on hard objects (including foods like fruits with hard skins). You should also talk to your dentist about solutions to reduce teeth grinding, especially if it's occurring while you sleep.

Above all, keep up your dental visits to regularly monitor the condition of your dental work and obtain repairs or enhancements as needed. By taking care of these valuable restorations, you can help them continue to function and serve your needs for a long time to come.

If you would like more information on maintaining your dental restorations, please contact us or schedule an appointment for a consultation. You can also learn more about this topic by reading the Dear Doctor magazine article “Extending the Life of Your Dental Work.”

By Petra I Mayer DDS
November 08, 2020
Category: Oral Health
Tags: oral cancer  

Despite momentous strides in recent years in the fight against cancer, treatments can still disrupt normal life. Both radiation and chemotherapy have side effects that can cause problems in other areas of health—particularly the teeth and gums.

If you or a loved one are undergoing cancer treatment, it's important to get ahead of any potential side effects it may have on dental health. Here are 4 things that can help protect teeth and gums while undergoing cancer treatment.

Get a preliminary dental exam. Before beginning treatment, patients should have their dentist examine their teeth and gums to establish a baseline for current dental health and to treat any problems that may already exist. However, patients should only undergo dental procedures in which the recovery time can be completed before starting radiation or chemotherapy.

Be meticulous about oral hygiene. Undergoing cancer treatment can increase the risks for developing tooth decay or gum disease. That's why it's important that patients thoroughly brush and floss everyday to reduce bacterial plaque buildup that causes disease. Patients should also reduce sugar in their diets, a prime food source for bacteria, and eat “teeth-friendly” foods filled with minerals like calcium and phosphorous to keep teeth strong.

Keep up regular dental visits. The physical toll that results from cancer treatment often makes it difficult to carry on routine activities. Even so, patients should try to keep up regular dental visits during their treatment. Besides the extra disease prevention offered by dental cleanings, the dentist can also monitor for any changes in oral health and provide treatment if appropriate.

Minimize dry mouth. Undergoing cancer treatment can interfere with saliva production and flow. This can lead to chronic dry mouth and, without the full protection of saliva against dental disease, could increase the risk of tooth decay or gum disease. Patients can minimize dry mouth by drinking more water, using saliva boosters and discussing medication alternatives with their doctor.

It may not be possible to fully avoid harm to your oral health during cancer treatment, and some form of dental restoration may be necessary later. But following these guidelines could minimize the damage and make it easier to regain your dental health afterward.

If you would like more information on dental care during cancer treatment, please contact us or schedule an appointment for a consultation. You can also learn more about this topic by reading the Dear Doctor magazine article “Oral Health During Cancer Treatment.”

November 06, 2020
Category: Oral Health
Tags: gum disease  

Gum disease occurs when gum tissue becomes infected. Symptoms include red or swollen gums that bleed easily when brushing. Left untreated, the infection that causes gum disease can spread to the bone tissue that supports the teeth. As the infection breaks down bone tissue, tooth loss can eventually occur. Dr. Petra Mayer, the experienced periodontist at our practice in Albuquerque, NM, can treat gum disease, restore gum health, and help prevent tooth loss.

Signs of Gum Disease

Gum disease can develop when plaque and tartar are not removed from the teeth. Both plaque and tartar contain bacteria that can infect the gums. When plaque is left on the teeth it eventually hardens into tartar, which bonds to tooth enamel and can only be completely removed through a professional dental cleaning.

The gums are especially at risk of becoming infected when plaque and tartar have formed just below the gum line where the teeth are harder to clean. If not cleared away, the bacteria in the plaque and tartar can eventually spread to the gums. Once infected, several symptoms can develop. See that skilled periodontist at our office in Albuquerque, NM, for treatment if you develop any of the following signs of gum disease:

  • Receding gums
  • Swollen, red, or tender gums
  • Gums that bleed easily when brushing
  • An abscess in the gums
  • Persistent bad breath
  • Sensitive gums
  • Loose teeth

Tooth Loss

One of the possible side effects of gum disease is tooth loss. Left untreated, the bacteria that initially infected the gums can spread to the bone that supports the teeth. As infected bone tissue deteriorates, it can no longer hold the teeth firmly in place. The teeth begin to loosen and, eventually, tooth loss can occur. Seeking treatment when you notice the warning signs of gum disease, such as swollen or receding gums, can stop the infection from spreading and help prevent tooth loss.

Once teeth are lost, a number of additional side effects can result. The teeth serve many functions beyond biting and chewing food. They also provide support for muscles in the face and help guide the tongue when speaking. Without enough teeth to support facial muscles, the cheeks can begin to droop and sag. Speech can also be affected. Without teeth to guide the tongue, it can slip into the gaps where teeth are gone and change the way you sound when speaking.

Another side effect of tooth loss is excess wear and tear on the remaining teeth, which must compensate for the missing ones. When biting and chewing functions are not distributed across a full set of teeth, the existing teeth endure more strain and can be worn down more quickly.

When gum disease is not treated promptly, it can lead to additional oral health problems, including tooth loss. Dr. Mayer can develop a plan for treating gum disease and restoring gum health. To schedule an appointment with our exceptional periodontist, call the office in Albuquerque, NM, at (505) 881-2400.